The basis of health is laid during the first 1000 days of life – from conception to the second year old inclusive, so it is very important that the baby is well-fed during this period. Breast milk is the best meal at the beginning of a baby’s life. This is why the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for at least the first six months of a child’s life. It is important to know that breastfeeding benefits not only the child, but also the mother.
There is nothing better for healthy growth than breast-feeding. It’s enriched with all the nutrients necessary for the baby’s well-being. In addition, the child needs close contact with the mother to feel safe, and feeding is the best way to communicate with the newborn.
Every woman who becomes a mother should understand that her milk is the only and most nutritious food for her child during the first months of her life, so she should strive to comply with the rules of successful breastfeeding, to ensure the health of the child and, consequently, better conditions for the growth and development of the child’s body.
IMPORTANCE OF BREASTFEEDING
It is very important that, in the first days of life, a child only feeds on the mother’s milk. Breast milk fully meets the child’s need for calories, proteins, fats and carbohydrates. It protects the baby’s kidneys from excessive stress and covers the immature surface of the intestine, protecting it from bacteria, viruses and parasites.
Feeding an infant with something else is only possible in exceptional cases, without using a bottle. The only way to feed a child is with a spoon or a pipette.
Mum’s the first hugs with a baby should take place within the first hour after birth in the delivery room, this way the baby can get used to the mom.
A very important factor is the correct application to the breast and the choice of convenient position during feeding. This will enable the mother to avoid discomfort and many problems or complications with breasts.
Signs of proper breastfeeding:
- the baby’s chin and nose should be touching the breast;
• the baby’s mouth is wide open;
• its lower lip is turned outward;
• baby’s cheeks are round or as if spreading out on its mother’s breast;
• most of the areola is captured by the baby’s mouth (the lips are placed 2.5 to 4 cm above the base of the nipple);
• the baby sucks slowly, and you can hear its swallowing milk;
• the feeding process is painless for the mother.
If the baby’s got Mom’s breasts right, it can drink all the milk it wants without hurting Mom. As a rule, the child releases his breasts, happy and sleepy.
HOW TO BREASTFEED YOUR BABY
There are many ways to breastfeed a baby, and only by tasting all the positions for feeding can you find the one that works best for you and your baby.
The most common position in feeding is «cradle». It involves you sitting upright, with your baby positioned on his side, his head and neck laying along your forearm and his body against your stomach, in a tummy-to-mummy position.
The baby is located on the side of the mother (just below the armpit), his body and legs are at her hand. The child’s head is held by the mother’s hand. You can put your hand on a pillow like that.
Position «lying on your side»
Mom lies on her side facing the baby. The baby’s mouth is on the same level as the nipple. Mom can also place a pillow to support her back and neck.
In this position, the mother takes the child with the other hand (relative to the position of the «cradle»), supporting the back of her head and neck. With her second hand, she can support the breasts and squeeze them if necessary to make it easier for the child to grab the nipple. In this position, a mother can easily guide a child to the chest when he’s ready to grab her nipples.
The mother lies on her side, holding her head close and leaning on her elbow. The child also lies on her side and sucks on the breast that lies above her.
The woman is on her back, the baby is on her stomach. It is in this position that the baby should meet her breasts for the first time in the hospital. In the position of «Spin – belly» milk flows up, therefore with arrival and swallowing of the baby there will be no problems.
After some time of experiments, you will certainly find feeding positions that will be comfortable for you and your baby.
HOW TO GIVE YOUR BABY A GREAT MILK
According to medical evidence, only 2-3 per cent of women cannot breastfeed because of pathology in the anatomical structure of the breast, surgery on the breast or endocrine diseases.
Milk production, like many other processes in the body, depends to a large extent on the psychological condition of the woman. Everybody knows a mother can lose her milk to shock. People close to her play a very important role in this: a young mother needs moral support to make sure that she does the right thing.
Milk production is also dependent on a woman’s diet. But some people get it wrong, they think that have to eat two calorie dishes to give the baby more milk. Some mothers have a very different opinion. Fearing colic and allergic reactions in the child, they follow a strict diet, excluding most healthy foods.
In fact, the mother’s ration should be fully functional. The diet must include lean meat, fish, dairy products, vegetables and fruit, cereals, vegetable and animal fats. It is very important to watch the reaction of the child and to adjust the menu.
HOW TO DEAL WITH THE LACTATION CRISIS
But there are times when, after adjusting the menu, the mother still fails to feed the baby. The cause may be a lactation crisis – reduced milk production in the body. Then it is necessary to pay attention to special products and dishes that improve lactation. A mother who is breastfeeding, especially during lactation crisis, will be helpful: warm tea, buckwheat, soups with low-fat meat broth, dairy products and nuts.
It is also necessary to observe the drinking regime, that is, take into account that the nursing mother needs more fluids, because part goes to the milk. If the mother does not drink enough, respectively, the liquid will be used for the needs of his body, and the amount of milk will decrease.
THERE IS ALWAYS A WAY OUT – FORMULA FEEDING
And yet there are such troubles in life that no matter what a mother does, there is no breast milk. You should not panic. And it is very important to understand that no one has the right to judge a mother for this, and a woman should not feel guilty about a child. Today there are many organic types of formula adapted to breast milk. Also, do not forget that artificial feeding has its own advantages
ADVANTAGES BABY FORMULA
- Anyone can feed the baby. This gives other family members a chance to participate in the feeding process as well.
• Formula usually takes longer to digest than breast milk, and the baby is less likely to want to eat.
• The mother can go about her business or go back to work, leaving the baby with relatives or a babysitter during the day. In addition, a baby who is used to artificial feeding can feed in public places without problems.
• You know exactly how much your baby is eating.
• If necessary, the mother can take the medicine she needs without worrying that it will harm the baby.
HOW TO CHOOSE BABY MILK FORMULA
Today there are many balanced formulas. It is very important for the infant that the first formula is chosen correctly and meets all the needs of the body. Formulas are distributed by degree of adaptation, age, consistency, PH level and base.
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